alexa microRNA miR-27b impairs human adipocyte differentiation and targets PPARgamma.


Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Author(s): Karbiener M, Fischer C, Nowitsch S, Opriessnig P, Papak C,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Obesity has emerged as a global health problem with more than 1.1 billion adults to be classified as overweight or obese, and is associated with type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and several cancers. Since obesity is characterized by an increased size and/or number of adipocytes, elucidating the molecular events governing adipogenesis is of utmost importance. Recent findings indicate that microRNAs (miRNAs) - small non-protein-coding RNAs that function as post-transcriptional gene regulators - are involved in the regulatory network of adipogenesis. Whereas only a single human miRNA is known so far to be functional in adipogenesis as pro-adipogenic, several mouse miRNAs have been identified very recently as adipogenic regulators, thereby stimulating demand for studying the functional role of miRNAs during adipogenesis in human. Here, we demonstrate that miR-27b abundance decreased during adipogenesis of human multipotent adipose-derived stem (hMADS) cells. Overexpression of miR-27b blunted induction of PPARgamma and C/EBPalpha, two key regulators of adipogenesis, during early onset of adipogenesis and repressed adipogenic marker gene expression and triglyceride accumulation at late stages. PPARgamma has a predicted and highly conserved binding site in its 3'UTR and was indeed confirmed to be a direct target of miR-27b. Thus, these results suggest that the anti-adipogenic effect of miR-27b in hMADS cells is due, at least in part, to suppression of PPARgamma. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Food Processing & Technology
    October 02-04, 2017 London, UK
  • Public Health, Epidemiology & Nutrition
    November 13-14, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Food Processing & Technology
    December 05-07, 2016 San Antonio, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version