Author(s): Haenisch S, Werk AN, Cascorbi I
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Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs, which regulate the expression of their target genes post-transcriptionally by RNA interference. They are involved in almost all cellular processes, including proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, cell survival and the maintenance of tissue specificity. Recent findings also suggest that efflux pumps of the ABC (ATP-binding cassette) transporter family are subject to miRNA-mediated gene regulation. Moreover, it seems that ABC transporters are embedded in a concerted and miRNA-guided network of concurrently regulated proteins that mediate altered drug transport and cell survival in changing environmental conditions. In this review, we summarize recent findings of miRNAs interacting with ABC transporters, which have been connected with drug distribution as well as with drug resistance. Additionally, we specify findings of complex miRNA-protein pathways conferring increased drug export and cell survival. © 2013 The British Pharmacological Society.
This article was published in Br J Clin Pharmacol
and referenced in Metabolomics:Open Access