alexa Microsatellite genetic linkage maps of myrobalan plum and an almond-peach hybrid--location of root-knot nematode resistance genes.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Dirlewanger E, Cosson P, Howad W, Capdeville G, Bosselut N,

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Abstract Inheritance and linkage studies were carried out with microsatellite [or simple sequence repeat (SSR)] markers in a F(1) progeny including 101 individuals of a cross between Myrobalan plum ( Prunus cerasifera Ehrh) clone P.2175 and the almond (Prunus dulcis Mill.)-peach ( Prunus persica L. Batsch) hybrid clone GN22 ["Garfi" (G) almond x "Nemared" (N) peach]. This three-way interspecific Prunus progeny was produced in order to associate high root-knot nematode (RKN) resistances from Myrobalan and peach with other favorable traits for Prunus rootstocks from plum, peach and almond. The RKN resistance genes, Ma from the Myrobalan plum clone P.2175 and R(MiaNem) from the 'N' peach, are each heterozygous in the parents P.2175 and GN22, respectively. Two hundred and seventy seven Prunus SSRs were tested for their polymorphism. One genetic map was constructed for each parent according to the "double pseudo-testcross" analysis model. The Ma gene and 93 markers [two sequence characterized amplified regions (SCARs), 91 SSRs] were placed on the P.2175 Myrobalan map covering 524.8 cM. The R(MiaNem) gene, the Gr gene controlling the color of peach leaves, and 166 markers (one SCAR, 165 SSRs) were mapped to seven linkage groups instead of the expected eight in Prunus. Markers belonging to groups 6 and 8 in previous maps formed a single group in the GN22 map. A reciprocal translocation, already reported in a G x N F(2), was detected near the Gr gene. By separating markers from linkage groups 6 and 8 from the GN22 map, it was possible to compare the eight homologous linkage groups between the two maps using the 68 SSR markers heterozygous in both parents (anchor loci). All but one of these 68 anchor markers are in the same order in the Myrobalan plum map and in the almond-peach map, as expected from the high level of synteny within Prunus. The Ma and R(MiaNem)genes confirmed their previous location in the Myrobalan linkage group 7 and in the GN22 linkage group 2, respectively. Using a GN22 F(2) progeny of 78 individuals, a microsatellite map of linkage group 2 was also constructed and provided additional evidence for the telomeric position of R(MiaNem) in group 2 of the Prunus genome. This article was published in Theor Appl Genet and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

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