alexa Microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 regulates human glioma cell growth via prostaglandin E(2)-dependent activation of type II protein kinase A.
Immunology

Immunology

Immunome Research

Author(s): Payner T, Leaver HA, Knapp B, Whittle IR, Trifan OC, , Payner T, Leaver HA, Knapp B, Whittle IR, Trifan OC,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Dysregulation of enzymes involved in prostaglandin biosynthesis plays a critical role in influencing the biological behavior and clinical outcome of several tumors. In human gliomas, overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 has been linked to increased aggressiveness and poor prognosis. In contrast, the role of prostaglandin E synthase in influencing the biological behavior of human gliomas has not been established. We report that constitutive expression of the microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1) is associated with increased prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) production and stimulation of growth in the human astroglioma cell line U87-MG compared with human primary astrocytes. Consistently, pharmacologic and genetic inhibition of mPGES-1 activity and expression blocked the release of PGE(2) from U87-MG cells and decreased their proliferation. Conversely, exogenous PGE(2) partially overcame the antiproliferative effects of mPGES-1 inhibition and stimulated U87-MG cell proliferation in the absence of mPGES-1 inhibitors. The EP2/EP4 subtype PGE(2) receptors, which are linked to stimulation of adenylate cyclase, were expressed in U87-MG cells to a greater extent than in human astrocytes. PGE(2) increased cyclic AMP levels and stimulated protein kinase A (PKA) activity in U87-MG cells. Treatment with a selective type II PKA inhibitor decreased PGE(2)-induced U87-MG cell proliferation, whereas a selective type I PKA inhibitor had no effect. Taken together, these results are consistent with the hypothesis that mPGES-1 plays a critical role in promoting astroglioma cell growth via PGE(2)-dependent activation of type II PKA. This article was published in Mol Cancer Ther and referenced in Immunome Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords