alexa Microtensile bond strength to ground enamel by glass-ionomers, resin-modified glass-ionomers, and resin composites used as pit and fissure sealants.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Papacchini F, Goracci C, Sadek FT, Monticelli F, GarciaGodoy F,

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To measure the microtensile bond strength to ground enamel of different types of materials used as pit and fissure sealants in combination with different substrate conditioners. METHODS: From 40 sound extracted molars, eight groups of five teeth were randomly formed. The experimental groups were: (1) (C) 37\% phosphoric acid/ClinPro Sealant (3M ESPE); (2) (G) 37\% phosphoric acid/Guardian Seal (Kerr); (3) (E/TF) 37\% phosphoric acid/Excite/Tetric Flow (Ivoclar-Vivadent) (4) (OS/UF) 37\% phosphoric acid/One Step (Bisco)/UniFil Flow (GC); (5) (OS/AE) 37\% phosphoric acid/One Step/AEliteflo (Bisco); (6) (UB/UF) UniFil Bond/UniFil Flow (GC); (7) (CC/FVII) GC Cavity Conditioner/Fuji VII (GC); (8) (CC/FII) GC Cavity Conditioner/Fuji II LC Improved (GC). On the buccal of each tooth, a 5mm high build-up was created by incrementally adding layers of the sealing material on the conditioned enamel. By serially cutting the built-up tooth, multiple beam-shaped specimens about 1mm x 1mm in cross section were obtained, and loaded in tensile (0.5 mm/min) until failure occurred. RESULTS: The bond strengths measured in MPa were: (C) 20.41+/-11.79; (G) 16.02+/-7.99; (E/TF) 24.06+/-9.67; OS/UF 15.63+/-9.00; (OS/AE) 9.31+/-6.05; (UB/UF) 4.96+/-3.46; (CC/FVII) 1.70+/-2.19; (CC/FII) 2.19+/-1.44. CONCLUSIONS: The conventional and the resin-modified glass ionomers measured bond strengths significantly lower than those of any resin-based materials. Failure frequently occurred cohesively within the cement. Flowable composites in combination with phosphoric acid and a total-etch adhesive performed similarly to resin-based materials specifically conceived for sealings, such as ClinPro Sealant and Guardian Seal. The bond achieved by resin composite when treating enamel with the self-etching primer used in this study (UniFil Bond) was significantly lower than that developed when the substrate was etched with 37\% phosphoric acid. This article was published in J Dent and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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