alexa Microvascular regeneration in established pulmonary hypertension by angiogenic gene transfer.
Pulmonology

Pulmonology

Journal of Clinical Respiratory Diseases and Care

Author(s): Zhao YD

Abstract Share this page

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by widespread loss of pulmonary microvasculature. Therefore we hypothesized that angiogenic gene therapy would reverse established PAH, in part restoring the lung microcirculation. Three weeks after monocrotaline (MCT) treatment, Fisher 344 rats were randomized to receive a total of either 1.5 × 106 syngeneic fibroblasts (FB) transfected with vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF), endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), or null-plasmid transfected FBs. Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) was similarly increased in all MCT-treated groups at the time of gene transfer. Animals receiving the null-vector progressed to severe PAH by Day 35 (P < 0.001). In contrast, eNOS gene transfer significantly reduced RVSP at Day 35 compared with Day 21, whereas VEGF prevented further increases in RVSP over the subsequent 2 wk but did not reverse established PAH. RV hypertrophy was significantly reduced in both the eNOS-treated and VEGF-treated groups compared with the null-transfected controls. Fluorescent microangiography revealed widespread occlusion of the pre-capillary arterioles 21 d after MCT treatment, and animals receiving eNOS gene transfer exhibited the greatest improvement in the arteriolar architecture and capillary perfusion at Day 35. Cell-based eNOS gene transfer was more effective than VEGF in reversing established PAH, associated with evidence of regeneration of pulmonary microcirculation.

This article was published in American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology and referenced in Journal of Clinical Respiratory Diseases and Care

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords