Author(s): Fawwaz T Ulaby, Ahad Tavakoli, B A Thomas
An equivalent-medium model is developed to relate the propagation constant y, associated with propagation of the mean field through a vegetation canopy, to the geometrical and dielectric parameters of the canopy constituents. The model is intended for media containing vertical cylinders, representing the stalks, and randomly oriented discs, representing the leaves. The formulation accounts for both absorption and scattering by the cylinders, but uses a quasi-static approximation with respect to the leaves. The model was found to be in good agreement with experimental results at 1.62 and 4.75 GHz, but underestimates the extinction loss at 10.2 GHz. The experimental component of the study included measurements of the attenuation loss for horizontally polarized and vertically polarized waves transmitted through a fully grown corn canopy, andof the phase difference between the two transmitted waves. The measurements were made at incidence angles of 20ý, 40ý , 60ý, and 90ý relative to normal incidence. The major conclusion of this study is that the proposed model is suitable for corn-like canopies, provided the leaves are smaller than ý in size.