alexa Microwaves and the cell membrane. II. Temperature, plasma, and oxygen mediate microwave-induced membrane permeability in the erythrocyte.
Engineering

Engineering

Journal of Electrical & Electronic Systems

Author(s): Liburdy RP, Vanek PF Jr

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Abstract Microwaves (2450 MHz) are shown to increase 22Na permeability of rabbit erythrocytes for exposures only within the narrow temperature range of 17.7 to 19.5 degrees C (Tc) which coincides with a nonlinearity in the Arrhenius plot reflecting an apparent membrane phase transition. Significantly, this response is not observed for cholesterol-loaded erythrocyte membranes which exhibit a linear Arrhenius plot and no apparent phase transition at Tc. The permeability increase at Tc is a nonlinear function of absorbed power but is a linear function of the internal electric field strength of the sample and saturates at approximately 400 mW/g and 600 V/m, respectively. The permeability increase was found to be reversible and transient in that immediately following termination of exposure sodium influx is significantly reduced but returns to normal within 60 min. Extracellular factors exert a significant influence on the microwave effect. The presence of plasma markedly potentiates the increase in 22Na permeability at Tc. Oxygen also modulates the microwave effect with relative hypoxia (5 mm Hg) and hyperoxia (760 mm Hg) enhancing the permeability increase. In contrast, the presence of two antioxidants, ascorbic acid or mercaptoethanol, inhibits the effect. These findings raise important questions about the physical and chemical nature of microwave interactions with cell membranes and also shed light on earlier studies reporting either positive or negative effects on membrane permeability.
This article was published in Radiat Res and referenced in Journal of Electrical & Electronic Systems

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