alexa Midbrain vlPAG inhibits rVLM cardiovascular sympathoexcitatory responses during electroacupuncture
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): TjenALooi SC, Li P, Longhurst JC

Abstract Share this page

The periaqueductal gray (PAG) is an important integrative region in the regulation of autonomic outflow and cardiovascular function and may serve as a regulatory center as part of a long-loop pathway during somatic afferent stimulation with acupuncture. Because the ventrolateral PAG (vlPAG) provides input to the rostral ventrolateral medulla (rVLM), an important area for electroacupuncture (EA) regulation of sympathetic outflow, we hypothesized that the vlPAG plays a role in the EA-related modulation of rVLM premotor sympathetic neurons activated during visceral afferent stimulation and autonomic excitatory reflexes. Cats were anesthetized and ventilated, and heart rate and mean blood pressure were monitored. Stimulation of the splanchnic nerve by a pledget of filter paper soaked in bradykinin (BK, 10 mug/ml) every 10 min on the gallbladder induced consistent cardiovascular reflex responses. Bilateral stimulation with EA at acupoints over the pericardial meridian (P5-6) situated over the median nerve reduced the increases in blood pressure from 34 +/- 3 to 18 +/- 5 mmHg for a period of time that lasted for 60 min or more. Unilateral inactivation of neuronal activity in the vlPAG with 50-75 nl of kainic acid (KA, 1 mM) restored the blood pressure responses from 18 +/- 3 to 36 +/- 5 mmHg during BK-induced gallbladder stimulation, an effect that lasted for 30 min. In the absence of EA, unilateral microinjection of the excitatory amino acid dl-homocysteic acid (DLH, 4 nM) in the vlPAG mimicked the effect of EA and reduced the reflex blood pressure responses from 35 +/- 6 to 14 +/- 5 mmHg. Responses of 21 cardiovascular sympathoexcitatory rVLM neurons, including 12 that were identified as premotor neurons, paralleled the cardiovascular responses. Thus splanchnic nerve-evoked neuronal discharge of 32 +/- 4 spikes/30 stimuli in six neurons was reduced to 10 +/- 2 spikes/30 stimuli by EA, which was restored rapidly to 28 +/- 4 spikes/30 stimuli by unilateral injection of 50 nl KA into the vlPAG. Conversely, 50 nl of DLH in the vlPAG reduced the number of action potentials of 5 rVLM neurons from 30 +/- 4 to 18 +/- 4 spikes/30 stimuli. We conclude that the inhibitory influence of EA involves vlPAG stimulation, which, in turn, inhibits rVLM neurons in the EA-related attenuation of the cardiovascular excitatory response during visceral afferent stimulation.

This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version