alexa Midline defects in deletion 18p syndrome: clinical and molecular characterization of three patients.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Human Genetics & Embryology

Author(s): Portno MF, Gruchy N, Marlin S, Finkel L, Denoyelle F,

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Abstract The phenotype of monosomy 18p varies widely, the main clinical manifestations being mental and growth retardation, and craniofacial dysmorphism. Clinical features also include growth hormone (GH) deficiency, or holoprosencephaly (HPE). Haploinsufficiency for TGIF, mapped to 18p11.3, is not generally sufficient to cause HPE. To perform a genotype-phenotype correlation, and delineate the region involved in GH deficiency, we carried out a molecular characterization of the 18p deletions, in three patients with midline defects. Two unrelated children, a 7-month-old girl and a 2-month-old boy had del(18p) syndrome and GH deficiency. In addition, the boy had HPE. HPE genes, SHH, ZIC2, SIX3, and TGIF, were tested by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography and quantitative multiplex of PCR short fluorescent fragments analyses. A deletion of TGIF was confirmed, without any associated mutation for the tested HPE genes, suggesting the role of other genetic or environmental factors. The third patient was his moderately retarded mother. A set of chromosome 18p-specific BACs clones was used as fluorescence in-situ hybridization probes to define the breakpoints. Recently, it was found that there seem to be a breakpoint cluster in the centromeric region at 18p11.1, which was not observed in our patients. The girl was found to have a deletion of 10.3 Mb, with a breakpoint in 18p11.22. The boy and his mother had a smaller deletion (8 Mb), with a breakpoint in 18p11.23. These findings suggest that the distal region on 18p is involved in the main clinical features, and GH deficiency, in 18p deletions. This article was published in Clin Dysmorphol and referenced in Human Genetics & Embryology

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