alexa Mifepristone abrogates repopulation of ovarian cancer cells in between courses of cisplatin treatment.


Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Freeburg EM, Goyeneche AA, Telleria CM, Freeburg EM, Goyeneche AA, Telleria CM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Repopulation of cancer cells escaping lethal chemotherapy is a critical factor hindering treatment success. One strategy to inhibit tumor cell repopulation is the use of cytostatic compounds between courses of lethal chemotherapy. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that mifepristone (MF), a steroid compound with demonstrated growth inhibition activity in ovarian cancer, should be efficacious in inducing cytostasis and preventing repopulation of ovarian cancer cells if given among rounds of cisplatin (CDDP) treatment. We established an in vitro approach wherein ovarian cancer cells with high (OV2008) or low (SK-OV-3) sensitivity to CDDP were exposed to 3 (OV2008) or 2 (SK-OV-3) rounds of lethal doses of CDDP for 1 h, 12 (OV2008) or 24 (SK-OV-3) days apart. Every 4 or 8 days cell number, cell viability, cell cycle traverse, and colony-forming capacity of viable cells was analyzed. Although CDDP killed the vast majority of cells, there were remnant cells escaping CDDP lethality and repopulating the culture, as evidenced by increased cell number, improved clonogenic capacity of viable cells, and normalization of DNA synthesis. Conversely, when cells were exposed to CDDP for 1 h, and 5, 10 or 20 microM MF was present in the culture medium after CDDP removal, the number, clonogenic capacity, and DNA synthesis ability of the cells were reduced in a dose-dependent manner. The blockage by MF of post-CDDP repopulation was accompanied by a remarkable increase in the percentage of cells expressing the cell death marker cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and the mitotic marker phospho-histone H3, suggesting that MF also potentiated CDDP lethality and that the cells likely die due to mitotic failure. In summary, this is the first study reporting that presence of cytostatic concentrations of MF after courses of lethal doses of CDDP prevents repopulation of remnant ovarian cancer cells surviving CDDP treatment.
This article was published in Int J Oncol and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version