Author(s): LysengWilliamson KA
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Abstract Miglustat (Zavesca®, Brazaves®), a small iminosugar molecule that reversibly inhibits glycosphingolipid synthesis, is the only disease-specific drug approved for the treatment of progressive neurological manifestations of Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) in adult and paediatric patients. NP-C is a rare, autosomal-recessive lipid storage disorder characterized by impaired intracellular lipid trafficking and progressive neurological symptoms leading to premature death. In a randomized clinical trial, long-term extension studies and a retrospective observational cohort study, treatment with oral miglustat stabilized key neurological manifestations of NP-C (including horizontal saccadic eye movement peak velocity, ambulation, manipulation, language and swallowing) in paediatric and adult patients with the disease. The therapeutic effects of miglustat in stabilizing or slowing disease progression have been confirmed in other reports in the clinical experience setting. The primary tolerability issues associated with miglustat are mild to moderate gastrointestinal effects (e.g. diarrhoea, flatulence and abdominal pain/discomfort) and weight loss, which usually occur during initial therapy and are generally manageable. In the absence of a cure, miglustat is a valuable agent to reduce the progression of clinically relevant neurological symptoms in paediatric and adult patients with NP-C, which is considered a significant achievement in the treatment of this disease.
This article was published in Drugs
and referenced in Advances in Robotics & Automation