Author(s): Chan MT, Mainland P, Gin T
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane is decreased in early pregnancy but it is not known whether this occurs to the same extent with other inhalational anesthetics. The MAC of halothane and enflurane were compared in pregnant women undergoing elective termination of pregnancy and in nonpregnant women. METHODS: We studied 16 pregnant women scheduled for termination of pregnancy at 8 to 13 weeks gestation and 16 non-pregnant patients undergoing laparoscopic sterilization. Eight patients in each group received halothane and the others received enflurane. After inhalational induction of anesthesia and tracheal intubation, MAC was determined in each patient by observing the motor response to a 10-s, 50-Hz, 80-mA transcutaneous electric tetanic stimulus to the ulnar nerve at varying concentrations of either halothane or enflurane. The end-tidal concentration of inhalational anesthetic was kept constant for at least 15 min before each stimulus and the concentration was varied ultimately in steps of 0.05 vol\% (halothane) or 0.10 vol\% (enflurane) until a sequence of three alternate responses (move, not move, move) or (not move, move, not move) was obtained. Minimum alveolar concentration for each person was taken as the mean of the two concentrations just permitting and just preventing movement, and MAC for the group was the median of individual MAC values. Confidence intervals were calculated for the percentage decrease in MAC for pregnant women compared with nonpregnant women. RESULTS: The median (range) MAC of halothane, 0.58 vol\% (0.53 to 0.58), and enflurane, 1.15 vol\% (0.95-1.25), in the pregnant women were less than those in the nonpregnant women, 0.75 vol\% (0.70 to 0.78), P = 0.0005 and 1.65 vol\% (1.45 to 1.75), P = 0.0007, respectively. The percentage decrease (95\% CI) in MAC for pregnant women was 27\% (20 to 27\%) for halothane and 30\% (24 to 36\%) for enflurane. CONCLUSIONS: The MAC of halothane and enflurane were reduced by a similar degree in pregnant women at 8 to 13 weeks gestation compared with nonpregnant women.
This article was published in Anesthesiology
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy