Author(s): Alves MJ, Coelho H, CollaresPereira MJ, Coelho MM
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Abstract Anaecypris hispanica is a cyprinid fish which is endemic to the Guadiana River basin in the Iberian Peninsula, and whose abundance and geographical range have contracted considerably during the last 20 years. We investigated mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b and control region variation among specimens representative of nine tributaries, using direct sequencing and diagnostic restriction fragment length polymorphism. The samples from the Caia, Degebe, Ardila, and Odeleite rivers exhibited haplotypes that differed by a large number of site differences, which may be indicative of population bottlenecks that have caused stochastic extinction of haplotypes. In contrast, the populations from the Xévora, Chança, Carreiras, Vascão and Foupana rivers exhibited low levels of nucleotide diversity, which together with high haplotype diversity may also be indicative of genetic bottleneck events, with subsequent population expansion. Phylogenetic analyses, a minimum spanning network, and an analysis of molecular variance revealed geographical structuring, suggesting limited or no gene flow between populations. The populations from extreme southern rivers (Foupana and Odeleite) are monophyletic entities, suggesting that they have been isolated, probably as a consequence of brackish water upstream of their confluence with the Guadiana. The results suggest that the Foupana and the Odeleite populations, and the remaining northern populations altogether should be managed as three distinct Evolutionary Significant Units (ESUs). Within the northern ESU, four Management Units (MUs) should be considered.
This article was published in Heredity (Edinb)
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals