Author(s): Wharton M, Granger DL, Durack DT, Wharton M, Granger DL, Durack DT
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Abstract Activated macrophages inhibit replication of murine lymphoblastic leukemia L1210 cells without lysis. This inhibition of replication is associated with abnormalities of mitochondrial electron transport at the level of NADH dehydrogenase (NADH-DH) and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH). The mechanism of inhibition is unknown, although it has been demonstrated that as NADH-DH and SDH activity is lost, iron is released from cells. Because both NADH-DH and SDH contain numerous iron-sulfur clusters, damage to these structures may be one result of injury by activated macrophages. L1210 cells were labeled with 55Fe and co-cultivated with activated murine peritoneal macrophages (injured L1210 cells). At 48 h, injured L1210 cells had released 83 +/- 8\% (mean +/- SEM of 55Fe activity into the media, compared with 25 +/- 4\% release from control and 37 +/- 7\% from nondividing mitomycin C-treated control cells. All cells were greater than 90\% viable. These differences were also reflected in the iron content of the cells. Mitochondria were then separated by centrifugation after cell disruption and 55Fe activity was found to be similarly decreased in both mitochondrial and nonmitochondrial fractions of injured L1210 cells. To further characterize the changes in mitochondrial iron content, mitochondrial proteins from injured and control L1210 cells were separated by IEF and 55Fe activity of gel slices was determined. There was selective loss of 55Fe activity in the area of the gel corresponding to SDH and NADH-DH, suggesting that iron loss from iron-sulfur clusters may occur in L1210 cells injured by activated macrophages. Iron uptake into L1210 cells after removal from macrophages showed a rapid large influx of radioactive iron. L1210 cells in contact with macrophages appear to develop an iron-depleted state, which is dependent on the continued presence of macrophages.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine