Author(s): Gavin CE, Gunter KK, Gunter TE
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Abstract Manganese is known to accumulate in mitochondria and in mitochondria-rich tissues in vivo. Although Ca2+ enhances mitochondrial Mn2+ uptake, ATP-bound Mn2+ is not sequestered by suspended rat brain mitochondria, and ATP binds Mn2+ even more tightly than it binds Mg2+. Physiological levels of the polyamine spermine enhanced 54 Mn2+ uptake at the low [Ca2+]s characteristic of unstimulated cells (approximately 100 nM). With succinate as substrate, Mn2+ inhibited oxygen consumption by suspensions of rat liver mitochondria after the addition of ADP but not after the addition of uncoupler. With glutamate/malate as substrate, Mn2+ inhibited ADP-stimulated respiration and also slightly inhibited uncoupler-stimulated respiration. State 4 (resting) respiration was unchanged in all cases, indicating that the inner membrane retained its impermeability to protons. These results suggest that Mn2+ was not oxidized and that it can interfere directly with oxidative phosphorylation, most likely by binding to the F1 ATPase. Mn2+ may also bind to the NADH dehydrogenase complex, but not strongly enough to affect electron transport in vivo. It is suggested that accumulation of manganese within the mitochondria of globus pallidus may help explain the distinctive pathology of manganism.
This article was published in Toxicol Appl Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy