alexa Mode of action of plantaricin MG, a bacteriocin active against Salmonella typhimurium.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques

Author(s): Gong HS, Meng XC, Wang H

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Abstract Plantaricin MG is a 2,180-Da bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus plantarum KLDS1.0391, which was isolated from Chinese traditional fermented cream. Plantaricin MG showed a broad inhibitory activity against not only Gram-positive bacteria but also Gram-negative bacteria including Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella typhimurium. The mode of action of plantaricin MG on S. typhimurium was reported in this article. The addition of plantaricin MG to energized cells of S. typhimurium dissipated both, the transmembrane potential (Δψ) and the pH gradient (ΔpH). Energized membrane, obtained after the addition of glucose, was more susceptible to plantaricin MG action, leading to the release of intracellular K(+)ions, inorganic phosphate, ATP and UV-absorbing materials. These data suggest that the presence of a proton motive force promotes the interaction of plantaricin MG with the cytoplasmic membrane of energized cells, leading to pores formation which allows the efflux of ions, thereby ensuring efficient killing of target bacteria. This article was published in J Basic Microbiol and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques

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