alexa Modeling of adsorption isotherms of phenol and chlorophenols onto granular activated carbon: Part I. Two-parameter models and equations allowing determination of thermodynamic parameters
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

Author(s): Oualid Hamdaoui, Emmanuel Naffrechoux

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The adsorption equilibrium isotherms of five phenolic compounds from aqueous solutions onto granular activated carbon (GAC) were studied and modeled. Phenol (Ph), 2-chlorophenol (2-CP), 4-chlorophenol (4-CP), 2,4-dichlorophenol (DCP), and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP) were chosen for the adsorption tests. To predict the adsorption isotherms and to determine the characteristic parameters for process design, seven isotherm models: Langmuir (five linear forms), Freundlich, Elovich, Temkin, Fowler–Guggenheim, Kiselev, and Hill–de Boer models were applied to experimental data. The results reveal that the adsorption isotherm models fitted the data in the order: Fowler–Guggenheim > Hill–de Boer > Temkin > Freundlich > Kiselev > Langmuir isotherms. Adsorption isotherms modeling shows that the interaction of phenolic compounds with activated carbon surface is localized monolayer adsorption, that is adsorbed molecules are adsorbed at definite, localized sites. Each site can accommodate only one molecule. The interaction among adsorbed molecules is repulsive and there is no association between them, adsorption is carried out on energetically different sites and is an exothermic process. Uptake of phenols increases in the order Ph < 2-CP < 4-CP < DCP < TCP, which correlates well with respective increase in molecular weight, cross-sectional area, and hydrophobicity and decrease in solubility and pKa. Additionally, for the four tested chlorophenols, it seems that the magnitude of adsorption is directly proportional to their degree of chlorination.

This article was published in Journal of Hazardous Materials and referenced in Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

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