alexa Modeling tardive dyskinesia: predictive 5-HT2C receptor antagonist treatment.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Author(s): Kostrzewa RM, Huang NY, Kostrzewa JP, Nowak P, Brus R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Tardive dyskinesia (TD), a movement disorder produced by long-term treatment with a classical antipsychotic drug, is generally considered to be a disorder of dopamine (DA) systems, since classical antipsychotics are potent DA D(2) receptor blockers. Also, acute DA D(1) agonist treatment of rats is known to produce vacuous chewing movements (VCMs), a behavioral feature resembling the oral dyskinesia that is so prominent in most instances of TD. In this paper we outline a series of studies in a new animal model of TD in which DA D(1) receptor supersensitivity was produced by neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) -induced destruction of nigrostriatal DA fibers. In rats so-lesioned 5-HT receptor supersensitivity is additionally produced, and in fact 5-HT receptor antagonists attenuate enhanced DA D(1) induction of VCMs. Moreover, in 6-OHDA-lesioned rats treated with haloperidol for one year, there a 2-fold increase in numbers of VCMs (vs intact rats treated with haloperidol); and this high frequency of VCMs persists for more than 6 months after discontinuing haloperidol treatment. During this stage, 5-HT(2) receptor antagonists, but not DA D(1) receptor antagonists, attenuate the incidence of VCMs. This series of findings implicates the 5-HT neuronal phenotype in TD, and promotes 5-HT(2) receptor antagonists, more specifically 5-HT(2C) receptor antagonists, as a rational treatment approach for TD in humans.
This article was published in Neurotox Res and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference on Structural Biology
    September 18-20, 2017 Zurich, Switzerland

  •  2nd International Conference on Biochemistry
    Sep 21-22, 2017, Macau, Hong Kong
  • 2nd International Conference on Biochemistry
    September 28-29, 2017 Dubai, UAE

  • 3rd Annual Congress on Bioscience
    October 16-17, 2017 Dubai,UAE

  • 3rd International Conference on Transcriptomics
    October 30 - November 01, 2017 Bangkok, Thailand

  • 3rd International Conference on Genetic and Protein Engineering (10 Plenary Forums - 1 Event)
    November 08-09, 2017 Las Vegas, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords