Author(s): Kostrzewa RM, Huang NY, Kostrzewa JP, Nowak P, Brus R
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Abstract Tardive dyskinesia (TD), a movement disorder produced by long-term treatment with a classical antipsychotic drug, is generally considered to be a disorder of dopamine (DA) systems, since classical antipsychotics are potent DA D(2) receptor blockers. Also, acute DA D(1) agonist treatment of rats is known to produce vacuous chewing movements (VCMs), a behavioral feature resembling the oral dyskinesia that is so prominent in most instances of TD. In this paper we outline a series of studies in a new animal model of TD in which DA D(1) receptor supersensitivity was produced by neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) -induced destruction of nigrostriatal DA fibers. In rats so-lesioned 5-HT receptor supersensitivity is additionally produced, and in fact 5-HT receptor antagonists attenuate enhanced DA D(1) induction of VCMs. Moreover, in 6-OHDA-lesioned rats treated with haloperidol for one year, there a 2-fold increase in numbers of VCMs (vs intact rats treated with haloperidol); and this high frequency of VCMs persists for more than 6 months after discontinuing haloperidol treatment. During this stage, 5-HT(2) receptor antagonists, but not DA D(1) receptor antagonists, attenuate the incidence of VCMs. This series of findings implicates the 5-HT neuronal phenotype in TD, and promotes 5-HT(2) receptor antagonists, more specifically 5-HT(2C) receptor antagonists, as a rational treatment approach for TD in humans.
This article was published in Neurotox Res
and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access