Author(s): Haththotuwa R, Senanayake L, Senarath U, Attygalle D
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Abstract Sri Lanka, a non-industrialized country with limited resources, has been able to achieve a maternal mortality ratio that is markedly lower than the ratios of similar countries. Many factors have contributed to Sri Lanka's success story. A political commitment to the cause and implementation of clear policies through well-structured and organized community-based and institutional healthcare services--expanded to cover the whole country and provided free of charge--have been the foundation of maternal and child health (MCH) services in the country. The healthcare programs have been well accepted and utilized by the people as the literacy rate is more than 90\% for both men and women. Public health midwives form the backbone of MCH services and provide frontline reproductive health care. More than 98\% of deliveries occur in hospitals and are attended by midwives. Furthermore, 85\% of women in Sri Lanka deliver in facilities served by specialist obstetricians/gynecologists. The Sri Lanka College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists plays a leading role by assisting the Family Health Bureau in making policies and guidelines, training staff, and acting as team leaders for maternity care services. This was evident after the tsunami in December 2004. National maternal mortality reviews, monitoring and evaluation of MCH activities, and relatively high contraceptive prevalence rates have also contributed to the success in Sri Lanka, which could serve as a model for other countries. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
This article was published in Int J Gynaecol Obstet
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy