alexa Modified bacterial mutation test procedures for evaluation of peptides and amino acid-containing material.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Thompson C, Morley P, Kirkland D, Proudlock R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Biological materials can release amino acids during the course of bacterial mutation testing. Low levels of released amino acids from soluble materials can cause moderate increases in the number of revertant colonies on the plate, whereas higher levels lead to overgrowth of the background lawn, making counting of revertant colonies impossible. For poorly soluble material, the released amino acids can be present at high levels in localized spots on the plate, leading to the growth of 'pseudorevertant' colonies. The 'treat and wash' modified preincubation method employed here is an adaptation of the treat and plate method (used for evaluation of antibiotics) and involves washing the bacteria free of test compound after a 90 min exposure prior to plating out on minimal plates. The MC overlay method is a modified version of the standard plate incorporation assay, in which a top overlay containing 4\% high viscosity methylcellulose is used in place of agar to stabilize the test compound in solution, preventing precipitation and subsequent localized amino acid release. Both modified methods produce the expected results for negative and positive controls. Peptides [synthetic curtailed analogs of human parathyroid hormone, PTH(1-34) and Ostabolin-C] that produced false positive results or could not be evaluated owing to overgrowth of the background lawn using standard methods, showed no artifacts and no evidence of genotoxicity using the modified methods. It is concluded that the treat and wash and MC overlay methods are valid versions of the bacterial mutation test for avoiding complications associated with released amino acids. This article was published in Mutagenesis and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version