Author(s): Bozkurt B, Toka M, Dumlu EG, Yarar O, Kili M
Completely duplicated ureters are not commonly used in renal transplantation due to increased risk of postoperative complications, such as urinary tract infections, stricture, reflux and urinary leakage. Although recent results have indicated that the occurrence of these complications is similar to that of a single ureter, few reports exist of renal transplantations of kidneys with ureteral duplication. Here, we report successful renal transplantation of a cadaveric kidney with completely duplicated ureters to a 52-year-old final stage renal disease patient who had been on dialysis for 19 years. A modified extravesical ureteroneocystostomy technique was employed, in which distal ureteric ends were spatulated and their medial edges were approximated. Double-j stent catheters were inserted during the ureteroneocystostomy and removed after 21 days when progressive serum creatine levels had decreased. During 6 months following the operation so far, no urinary tract infections, hydronephrosis, pyelonephritis, stricture, or reflux was reported. We conclude that modified extravesical ureteroneocystostomy, a newly described technique is suitable for the transplantation of a cadaveric kidney with complete ureteral duplication.