Author(s): Yanyali A, Nohutcu AF, Horozoglu F, Celik E
Abstract Share this page
Abstract PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and removal of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) with modified grid laser photocoagulation in diabetic macular edema. DESIGN: Randomized, comparative, interventional study. METHODS: In this prospective study, 24 eyes of 12 patients with bilateral diabetic macular edema were evaluated. PPV with removal of the ILM was performed at random in one eye of 12 patients (ILM group), and a single session of modified grid laser photocoagulation was performed in the fellow eyes (grid group). Main outcome measures were the foveal thickness measured with optical coherence tomography, preoperative, and postoperative visual acuities. Mann-Whitney U and Wilcoxon tests were used in statistical analysis. RESULTS: All patients were followed up for 6 months. In the ILM group, mean foveal thickness was 439.2 +/- 106.5 microm preoperatively and 219.8 +/- 63.2 mum postoperatively (P = .002). In the grid group, mean foveal thickness was 407 +/- 100.2 microm preoperatively and 378.5 +/- 141.6 microm postoperatively (P = .433). A mean decrease in foveal thickness was found to be 219.4 +/- 127.6 microm in the ILM group and 28.5 +/- 90.5 microm in the grid group (P = .001). In the ILM group, best-corrected logMAR visual acuity was 0.75 +/- 0.41 preoperatively and 0.53 +/- 0.41 postoperatively (P = .006). In the grid group, best-corrected logMAR visual acuity was 0.59 +/- 0.27 preoperatively and 0.49 +/- 0.27 postoperatively (P = .058). Visual acuity improved by 2 or more lines in six eyes (50\%) in the ILM group and in three eyes (25\%) in the grid group. Visual acuity remained stable in six eyes (50\%) in the ILM group and in nine eyes (75\%) in the grid group. CONCLUSIONS: PPV with ILM removal appears to be more effective than a single session of modified grid laser photocoagulation in the treatment of diabetic macular edema. Further studies with a large number of patients are required for a more reliable conclusion.
This article was published in Am J Ophthalmol
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism