Author(s): Stones D, Manku S, Lu X, Hall DG
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Abstract This article describes the design and optimization of the first entirely modular, parallel solid-phase synthetic approach for the generation of well-defined polyamine oligoboronic acid receptors and fluorescence sensors for complex oligosaccharides. The synthetic approach allows an effective building of the receptor polyamine backbone, followed by the controlled diversification of the amine benzylic side chains. This approach enabled the testing, in a modular fashion, of the effect of different arylboronic acid units substituted with unencumbering para electron-withdrawing or electron-donating groups. The feasibility of this approach toward automated synthesis was also investigated with the assembly of a sublibrary of receptors by means of the Irori MiniKan technology. Several sublibraries of anthracene-capped sensors containing two or three arylboronic acids were synthesized, and their binding to a series of model disaccharides was examined in neutral aqueous media. The calculation of association constants by fluorescence titrations confirmed that subtle changes in the structures of the interamine spacers in the polyamine backbone can have a significant effect on the stability of the resulting complexes. Most importantly, this study led to the determination of the preferred electronic characteristics for the arylboronate units, and suggests that a new generation of receptors containing very electron-poor arylboronic acids could lead to a significant improvement of binding affinities.
This article was published in Chemistry
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics