Author(s): Boulay G, Brown DM, Qin N, Jiang M, Dietrich A,
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Abstract Homologues of Drosophilia transient receptor potential (TRP) have been proposed to be unitary subunits of plasma membrane ion channels that are activated as a consequence of active or passive depletion of Ca(2+) stores. In agreement with this hypothesis, cells expressing TRPs display novel Ca(2+)-permeable cation channels that can be activated by the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) protein. Expression of TRPs alters cells in many ways, including up-regulation of IP3Rs not coded for by TRP genes, and proof that TRP forms channels of these and other cells is still missing. Here, we document physical interaction of TRP and IP3R by coimmunoprecipitation and glutathione S-transferase-pulldown experiments and identify two regions of IP3R, F2q and F2g, that interact with one region of TRP, C7. These interacting regions were expressed in cells with an unmodified complement of TRPs and IP3Rs to study their effect on agonist- as well as store depletion-induced Ca(2+) entry and to test for a role of their respective binding partners in Ca(2+) entry. C7 and an F2q-containing fragment of IP3R decreased both forms of Ca(2+) entry. In contrast, F2g enhanced the two forms of Ca(2+) entry. We conclude that store depletion-activated Ca(2+) entry occurs through channels that have TRPs as one of their normal structural components, and that these channels are directly activated by IP3Rs. IP3Rs, therefore, have the dual role of releasing Ca(2+) from stores and activating Ca(2+) influx in response to either increasing IP3 or decreasing luminal Ca(2+).
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access