Author(s): Lefebvre S, Adrian F, Moreau P, Gourand L, Dausset J,
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Abstract Expression of the nonclassical HLA class I antigen, HLA-G, is tightly regulated. HLA-G physiologic expression is mostly restricted to some placental and thymic cell types. Only few established cell lines express HLA-G in vitro. Cytokine-induced expression of HLA-G is hardly observed and also depends on the cell lineage. We assessed expression and cytokine regulation of HLA-G in primary cultures derived from human thymus and amnion epithelial cells, which also express HLA-G in vivo. We show that HLA-G cell surface expression is maintained, but decreases gradually, in primary cultures derived from human thymus and amnion epithelial cells. We also show that IFN-gamma re-induces HLA-G cell surface expression and upregulates classical class I gene expression in both primary cultures and in a thymus derived cell line. We further show that IFN-gamma also upregulates levels of HLA-G transcripts in TEC primary cultures. This study provides evidence that IFN-gamma induction of HLA-G expression occurs in the human amnion and the thymus, and is mediated at the transcriptional level in these tissues. These results also suggest a role for the microenvironment in regulating HLA-G in vivo gene expression in the thymus and amnion membrane.
This article was published in Hum Immunol
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