Author(s): Huang L, Sayer JM, Swinford M, Louis JM, Chen C
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Abstract Mature, fully active human immunodeficiency virus protease (PR) is liberated from the Gag-Pol precursor via regulated autoprocessing. A chimeric protease precursor, glutathione S-transferase-transframe region (TFR)-PR-FLAG, also undergoes N-terminal autocatalytic maturation when it is expressed in Escherichia coli. Mutation of the surface residue H69 to glutamic acid, but not to several neutral or basic amino acids, impedes protease autoprocessing in bacteria and mammalian cells. Only a fraction of mature PR with an H69E mutation (PR(H69E)) folds into active enzymes, and it does so with an apparent Kd (dissociation constant) significantly higher than that of the wild-type protease, corroborating the marked retardation of the in vitro N-terminal autocatalytic processing of TFR-PR(H69E) and suggesting a folding defect in the precursor.
This article was published in J Virol
and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access