alexa Modulation of insulitis and type 1 diabetes by transgenic HLA-DR3 and DQ8 in NOD mice lacking endogenous MHC class II
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Yogish C Kudva, Govindarajan Rajagopalan, Raghavan Raju, Roshini S Abraham, Michelle Smart

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To evaluate the contributions of DR3 and DQ8 to the etiopathogenesis of type 1 diabetes in a diabetes-predisposing milieu, we developed human leukocyte antigen (HLA) transgenic mice on the nonobese diabetic (NOD) background in the absence of the endogenous class II molecule, I-A(g7) and studied the incidence of both spontaneous and experimental (induced) autoimmune diabetes. Transgenic expression of HLA-DR3 and -DQ8 (either alone or in combination) did not confer susceptibility to spontaneous or cyclophosphamide-induced type 1 diabetes. Expression of I-A(g7) was mandatory for development of spontaneous or cyclophosphamide-induced diabetes. However, multiple low doses of streptozotocin could induce diabetes in all groups of mice independent of the class II molecules expressed. In unmanipulated mice, only islets from I-A(g7+/+) mice revealed significant intra-islet infiltration. Although a characteristic peri-insulitis/peri-ductulitis was present in Abeta(0)/NOD mice, islets from DR3, DQ8 and DR3 x DQ8 double transgenic mice demonstrated significantly less infiltration. In conclusion, transgenic expression of HLA-DR3 and -DQ8 associated with predisposition to type 1 diabetes alone is not sufficient to induce spontaneous diabetes in NOD mice lacking endogenous class II molecules.

This article was published in Hum Immunol and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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