alexa Modulation of retinal blood flow by kinin B₁ receptor in Streptozotocin-diabetic rats.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Pouliot M, Htu S, Lahjouji K, Couture R, Vaucher E

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Abstract The vasoactive kinin B₁ receptor (B₁R) is overexpressed in the retina of diabetic rats in response to hyperglycemia and oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to determine whether B₁R could contribute to the early retinal blood flow changes occurring in diabetes. Male Wistar rats were rendered diabetic with a single i.p. injection of Streptozotocin (STZ) and studied 4 days or 6 weeks after diabetes induction. The presence of B₁R in the retina was confirmed by Western blot. The impact of oral administration of the B₁R selective antagonist SSR240612 (10mg/kg) was measured on alteration of retinal perfusion in awake diabetic rats by quantitative autoradiography. Data showed that B₁R was upregulated in the STZ-diabetic retina at 4 days and 6 weeks. Retinal blood flow was not altered in 4-day diabetic rats compared with age-matched controls but was significantly decreased following SSR240612 treatment. In 6-week diabetic rats, retinal blood flow was markedly reduced compared to control rats and SSR240612 did not further decrease the blood flow. These results suggest that B₁R is upregulated in STZ-diabetic retina and has a protective compensatory role on retinal microcirculation at 4 days but not at 6 weeks following diabetes induction. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Exp Eye Res and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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