Author(s): Guerra A, Urbina M, Lima L
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Abstract Although there are a great number of studies concerning the uptake of taurine in several tissues, the regulation of taurine transport has not been studied in the retina after lesioning the optic nerve. In the present study, isolated retinal cells of the goldfish retina were used either immediatly after cell suspension or in culture. The high-affinity transport system of [3H]taurine in these cells was sodium-, temperature- and energy-dependent, and was inhibited by hypotaurine and beta-alanine, but not by gamma-aminobutyric acid. There was a decrease in the maximal velocity (Vmax) without modifications in the substrate affinity (Km) after optic axotomy. These changes were mantained for up to 15 days after the lesion. The results might be the summation of mechanisms for providing extracellular taurine to be taken up by other retinal cells or eye structures, or regulation by the substrate taurine, which increases after lesioning the optic nerve. The in vivo accumulation of [3H]taurine in the retina after intraocular injection of [3H]taurine was affected by crushing the optic nerve or by axotomy. A progressive retinal decrease in taurine transport was observed after crushing the optic nerve, starting at 7 hours after surgery on the nerve. The uptake of [3H]taurine by the tectum was compensated in the animals that were subjected to crushing of the optic nerve, since the concentration of [3H]taurine was only different from the control value 24 hours after the lesion, indicating an efficient transport by the remaining axons. On the contrary, the low levels of [3H]taurine in the tectum after axotomy might be an index of the non-axonal origin of taurine in the tectum. Axonal transport was illustrated by the differential presence of [3H]taurine in the intact or crushed optic nerve. The uptake of [3H]taurine into retinal cells in culture in the absence or in the presence of taurine might indicate the existence of an adaptive regulation of taurine transport in this tissue, however taurine transport probably differentially occurs in specific populations of retinal cells. The use of a purified preparation of cells might be useful for future studies on the modulation of taurine transport by taurine in the retina and its role during regeneration.
This article was published in Amino Acids
and referenced in Journal of Membrane Science & Technology