Author(s): Gold MS, Levine JD, Correa AM
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Abstract A tetrodotoxin-resistant voltage-gated Na+ current (TTX-R INa) appears to be the current primarily responsible for action potential generation in the cell body and terminals of nociceptive afferents. Although other voltage-gated Na+ currents are modulated by the activation of protein kinase C (PKC), protein kinase A (PKA), or both, the second messenger pathways involved in the modulation of TTX-R INa are still being defined. We have examined the modulation of TTX-R INa in isolated sensory neurons with whole-cell voltage-clamp recording. Activation of either PKC or PKA increased TTX-R INa. PKA activation also produced a leftward shift in the conductance-voltage relationship of TTX-R INa and an increase in the rates of current activation, deactivation, and inactivation. Inhibitors of PKC decreased TTX-R INa, whereas inhibitors of PKA had no effect on the current. Investigating the interaction between PKC and PKA revealed that although inhibitors of PKA had little effect on PKC-induced modulation of TTX-R INa, inhibitors of PKC significantly attenuated PKA-induced modulation of the current. Finally, although PGE2-induced modulation of TTX-R INa was more similar to PKA-induced modulation of the current than to PKC-induced modulation, PGE2-induced effects were inhibited by inhibitors of both PKC and PKA. Thus, although TTX-R INa is a common target for cellular processes involving the activation of either PKA or PKC, PKC activity is necessary to enable subsequent PKA-mediated modulation of TTX-R INa.
This article was published in J Neurosci
and referenced in Brain Disorders & Therapy