alexa Modulators of cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary emphysema in A J mice.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): March TH, Wilder JA, Esparza DC, Cossey PY, Blair LF,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Mice develop pulmonary emphysema after chronic exposure to cigarette smoke (CS). In this study, the influence of gender, exposure duration, and concentration of CS on emphysema, pulmonary function, inflammation, markers of toxicity, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity was examined in A/J mice. Mice were exposed to CS at either 100 or 250 mg total particulate material/m(3) (CS-100 or CS-250, respectively) for 10, 16, or 22 weeks. Evidence of emphysema was first seen in female mice after 10 weeks of exposure to CS-250, while male mice did not develop emphysema until 16 weeks. Female mice exposed to CS-100 did not have emphysema until 16 weeks, suggesting that disease development depends on the concentration and duration of exposure. Airflow obstruction and increased pulmonary compliance were observed in mice exposed to CS-250 for 22 weeks. Decreased elasticity was likely the major contributor to airflow obstruction because substantial remodeling of the conducting airways, beyond mild mucous cell hyperplasia, was lacking. Exposure to CS increased the number of macrophages, neutrophils, lymphocytes (B cells and activated CD4- and CD8-positive T cells), and activity of MMP-2 and -9 in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Treatment with antioxidants N-acetylcysteine or epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) did not decrease emphysema severity, but EGCG slightly decreased BALF inflammatory cell numbers and lactate dehydrogenase activity. Inflammation and emphysema persisted after a 17-week recovery period following exposure to CS-250 for 22 weeks. The similarities of this model to the human disease make it promising for studying disease pathogenesis and assessing new therapeutic interventions. This article was published in Toxicol Sci and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords