alexa Molecular action of vitamin E in lipoprotein oxidation: implications for atherosclerosis.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): Thomas SR, Stocker R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The oxidation theory of atherosclerosis proposes that the oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) plays a central role in the disease. Although a direct causative role of LDL oxidation for atherogenesis has not been established, oxidized lipoproteins are detected in atherosclerotic lesions, and in vitro oxidized LDL exhibits putative pro-atherogenic activities. alpha-Tocopherol (alpha-TOH; vitamin E), the major lipid-soluble antioxidant present in lipoproteins, is thought to be antiatherogenic. However, results of vitamin E interventions on atherosclerosis in experimental animals and cardiovascular disease in humans have been inconclusive. Also, recent mechanistic studies demonstrate that the role of alpha-TOH during the early stages of lipoprotein lipid peroxidation is complex and that the vitamin does not act as a chain-breaking antioxidant. In the absence of co-antioxidants, compounds capable of reducing the alpha-TOH radical and exporting the radical from the lipoprotein particle, alpha-TOH exhibits anti- or pro-oxidant activity for lipoprotein lipids depending on the degree of radical flux and reactivity of the oxidant. The model of tocopherol-mediated peroxidation (TMP) explains the complex molecular action of alpha-TOH during lipoprotein lipid peroxidation and antioxidation. This article outlines the salient features of TMP, comments on whether TMP is relevant for in vivo lipoprotein lipid oxidation, and discusses how co-antioxidants may be required to attenuate lipoprotein lipid oxidation in vivo and perhaps atherosclerosis.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords