Author(s): Grover M, Nain L, Singh SB, Saxena AK
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Abstract Bacillus subtilis strain RP24, isolated from rhizoplane of field grown pigeon pea, exhibited in vitro antagonism against a wide range of phytopathogenic fungi. An attempt was made to partially purify and characterize the diffusible antifungal metabolite/s produced by the strain RP24 and its negative mutant (NM) in potato dextrose medium. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) of partially purified extract of RP24 showed the presence of lipopeptide antibiotic iturin as a major peak that was comparable to that of standard iturin A (5.230 min) from Sigma-Aldrich whereas the corresponding peak was absent in extract of NM. The structure was further confirmed by liquid chromatographic mass spectrometric (LCMS) analysis as iturin A. LCMS analysis also showed the presence of surfactin and fengycin besides iturin A. Amplification of the lpa-14 (encodes the 4'-phosphopantetheinyl transferase required for the maturation of template enzyme of iturin A) and ituD (encodes a putative malonyl coenzyme A transacylase, whose disruption results in a specific deficiency in iturin A production) genes of iturin operon of strain RP24 was carried out and the sequences obtained were compared with the existing database of NCBI. The sequences of lpa-14 and ituD gene of RP24 showed 98\% and 97\% homology with lpa-14 and ituD genes of B. subtilis in the existing database. The results indicated that strain RP24 harbors iturin operon in its genome and a chemical mutation in this operon might have resulted in loss of antifungal activity in the negative mutant.
This article was published in Curr Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology