Author(s): Birri DJ, Brede DA, Forberg T, Holo H, Nes IF
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Abstract Enterococci are among the most common human intestinal lactic acid bacteria, and they are known to produce bacteriocins. In this study, fecal enterococci were isolated from infants and screened for bacteriocin production. Bacteriocin-producing Enterococcus avium isolates were obtained, and a new pediocin-like bacteriocin was purified and characterized. This bacteriocin, termed avicin A, was found to be produced by isolates from two healthy infants. It was purified to homogeneity from culture supernatant by ion-exchange and reversed-phase chromatography, and part of its amino acid sequence was obtained. The sequence of a 7-kb DNA fragment of a bacteriocin locus was determined by PCR and DNA sequencing. The bacteriocin locus was organized into four operon-like structures consisting of (i) the structural genes encoding avicin A and its immunity protein, (ii) a divergicin-like bacteriocin (avicin B) gene, (iii) an ABC bacteriocin transporter gene and two regulatory genes (histamine protein kinase- and response regulator-encoding genes), and (iv) induction peptide pheromone- and transport accessory protein-encoding genes. It was shown that the production of avicin A was regulated by the peptide pheromone-inducible regulatory system. Avicin A shows very high levels of similarity to mundticin KS and enterocin CRL35. This bacteriocin showed strong antimicrobial activity against many species of Gram-positive bacteria, including the food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. The avicin A locus is the first bacteriocin locus identified in E. avium to be characterized at the molecular level.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques