alexa Molecular basis by which garlic suppresses atherosclerosis.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Author(s): Campbell JH, Efendy JL, Smith NJ, Campbell GR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the mechanism by which the aged garlic extract "Kyolic" has a protective effect against atherosclerosis. Plasma cholesterol of rabbits fed a 1\% cholesterol-enriched diet for 6 wk was not reduced by supplementation with 800 microL Kyolic/(kg body. d). In spite of this, Kyolic reduced by 64\% (P < 0.05) the surface area of the thoracic aorta covered by fatty streaks and significantly reduced aortic arch cholesterol. Kyolic also significantly inhibited by approximately 50\% the development of thickened, lipid-filled lesions in preformed neointimas produced by Fogarty 2F balloon catheter injury of the right carotid artery in cholesterol-fed rabbits. In vitro studies found that Kyolic completely prevented vascular smooth muscle phenotypic change from the contractile, high volume fraction of filament (V(v)myo) state, and inhibited proliferation of smooth muscle cells in the synthetic state with a 50\% effective dose (ED(50)) of 0.2\%. Kyolic also slightly inhibited the accumulation of lipid in cultured macrophages but not smooth muscle, and had no effect on the expression of adhesion molecules on the surface of the endothelium or the adherence of leukocytes. It is concluded that Kyolic exerts antiatherogenic effects through inhibition of smooth muscle phenotypic change and proliferation, and by another (unclarified) effect on lipid accumulation in the artery wall.
This article was published in J Nutr and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Public Health, Epidemiology & Nutrition
    November 13-14, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Food Processing & Technology
    December 05-07, 2016 San Antonio, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords