alexa Molecular characterization of CCR6: involvement of multiple domains in ligand binding and receptor signaling.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Ai LS, Lee SF, Chen SS, Liao F

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Abstract The CC chemokine receptor 6 (CCR6) is selectively expressed on memory T cells, B cells, and dendritic cells and appears to be involved in the initiation of a memory immune response. The only chemokine ligand for CCR6 is CCL20/MIP-3alpha. In the present study, we attempted to define the extracellular domains (ECDs) of CCR6 responsible for CCL20/MIP-3alpha binding using a domain-swapping approach in which the ECDs of CCR6 were substituted with the corresponding CCR5 domains to generate various CCR6/CCR5 chimeras. These chimeras were tested for receptor expression, ligand binding, and functional activity as evaluated by calcium flux and chemotaxis. All chimeras showed respectable surface expression; however only one, substituted with extracellular loop 1 from CCR5, showed reduced functional activity. The general failure of functionality of the CCR6/CCR5 chimeras may imply that characteristics of each ECD are critical for coordination among all the ECDs of CCR6. Additionally, of interest, a chimera containing all of the ECDs from CCR5 in the context of CCR6 neither responded to CCR5 ligands nor served as a coreceptor for macrophage-tropic HIV-1. These results suggest that not only ECDs but also transmembrane and intracellular domains of CCR5 are involved in both ligand binding and coreceptor activity. 2004 National Science Council, ROC and S. Karger AG, Basel This article was published in J Biomed Sci and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

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