Author(s): GmezSantiago F, RibasAparicio RM, GarcaLozano H, GmezSantiago F, RibasAparicio RM, GarcaLozano H
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Human caliciviruses (HuCV) are emerging enteric pathogens that are a common cause of diarrhea in humans worldwide. Due to the paucity of information on the molecular characterization of HuCV circulating in Mexico, the aim of this work was to investigate the diversity and molecular epidemiology of the HuCV infection associated with acute diarrheal disease in Mexican children aged up to 5 years. RESULTS: Of the 131/414 (32\%) HuCV positive-specimens analyzed, 128 were identified as Norovirus (NoV) and three as Sapovirus (SaV). Of the NoV positive specimens, 118/128 (92\%) were NoV GII and 10/128(8\%) were untypeable by RT-PCR in both polymerase and capsid genes, whereas one SaV isolate was further confirmed by sequencing as GI.2. Phylogenetic analysis based on polymerase partial gene sequences from 89/131 (68\%) HuCV isolates showed that 86/89 (97\%) belong to NoV GII.4 with three main variant clusters of this genotype, 2/89 (2\%) to NoV GII.2, and 1/89 (1\%) to SaV GI.2. Furthermore, partial sequencing of the capsid gene VP1 of 63/131 (48\%) strains indicated that 61/63 (97\%) correlated with NoV GII.4, whereas only 2/63 (3\%) clustered to NoV GII.2. HuCV infections were detected throughout the year, and the highest number of cases positive for NoV was found in children between 7 and 18 months of age (60\%). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the usefulness of analyzing both polymerase and capsid genes for molecular characterization of HuCV and demonstrates the relatedness and predominance of NoV GII.4 with acute diarrheal disease in young Mexican children, thus contributing to better understanding of the molecular epidemiology of this disease.
This article was published in Virol J
and referenced in Biosensors Journal