Author(s): Yam JW, Chan KW, Li N, Hsiao WL
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Abstract Rat nonmuscle myosin heavy chain-B (r-nmMHC-B) mRNA was previously found downregulated in Rat 6 fibroblasts transformed by mutant p53(val135) [J. W. P. Yam, J. Y. Zheng, and W. L. W. Hsiao (1987) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 266, 472-480]. Overexpression of exogenous r-nmMHC-B could partially reverse the transforming phenotypes both in vitro and in vivo. The downregulation of r-nmMHC-B was also observed in Rat 6 transformed by c-H-ras and v-myc oncogenes. We cloned a 5.2-kb r-nmMHC-B promoter region. Sequence analysis of -1248 to +1 revealed no TATA box, but did show that it contained CAAT boxes, E12/E47, MyoD, MEF, E2F, CREB, and SP1 binding sites. Based on transient reporter assays, the promoter/enhancer activities were unusually extended to the entire 5.2 kb region in normal Rat 6 cultures, but markedly suppressed in p53(val135)-, and c-H-ras-transformed cells. The activity detected by the reporter assay corresponded to levels of mRNA as analyzed previously by Northern blots in each respective cell line. Thus, the switch-off of the r-nmMHC-B in the transformed cells is very likely controlled by upstream transcriptional factors, which might have been altered in the course of neoplastic transformation. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
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