Author(s): Shapiro F, Flynn E, Calicchio ML
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Abstract We have studied hypertrophic and immediately adjacent pre-hypertrophic chondrocytes at the same stage of histologic development in 7 day old post-natal Balb/C mouse physes and epiphyses. Laser capture microdissection (LCM) and GeneChip microarray analysis compared the molecular composition of the two hypertrophic chondrocyte regions. Molecules upregulated in dramatically higher levels in the epiphysis were gremlin (58-fold), epidermal growth factor-containing fibulin-like extracellular matrix protein 1 (25-fold), and frizzled related protein (6.4-fold and 5.7-fold). Molecules upregulated in higher levels in the physis were proline arginine-rich end leucine-rich repeat protein (PRELP) (15.6-fold), pyrophosphatase (inorganic) 1 (10-fold) and hedgehog-interacting protein (7.3-fold). Immunocytochemistry for gremlin confirmed specific localization patterns. This study indicates a critical site-specific role for hypertrophic chondrocytes with different synthesis patterns in separate regions even though they appear structurally the same and are at the same stage of development.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Rheumatology: Current Research