alexa [Molecular identification and expression of heat shock cognate 70 (HSC70) in the Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei].
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Wu R, Sun L, Lei M, Xie ST

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Abstract Heat shock protein 70s (HSP70s) are fundamental chaperone proteins that are indispensable to most living organisms. In order to investigate the function of HSP70 and heat shock response in shrimp, a heat shock cognate (HSC70) gene of the white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei), containing a 1959-bp open reading frame, was cloned and characterized. The amino acid sequence, 71.5 kDa of molecular weight, shares 80-99.6\% homology with 12 diverse species' HSP70s and HSC70s. In fact, some segments of the eukaryotic HSC70 sequence, such as ATP/GTP-binding site, cytoplasmic HSP70 C-terminal sequence, and GGMP/GAP repeats, are also found in the putative shrimp HSC70. Moreover, multi-tissue RT-PCR was performed to assay the basal expressions of HSC70 in the heart, gill, hepatopancreas, stomach, gut, and muscle. The results demonstrate that the basal expressions of HSC70 in theses organs are similar to that of beta-actin. Furthermore, quantitative real-time experiments showed that HSC70 was up-regulated in hepatopancreas (4.6-fold), stomach (5.9-fold), gut (2.6-fold), and muscle (3.5-fold) but not in the heart (1.7-fold) and gill (1.6-fold) after 2 h of heat shock. Nevertheless, the HSC70 was found to be highly expressed in the heart and gill following 6 h of heat shock. This suggests that HSC70 in white shrimp possess both short-term and long-term responses to heat shock stress, indicating this HSC70 may be a heat-dependent HSC70 member. Finally, we constructed an expression vector to generate HSC70 in Escherichia coli BL21, which displayed immune cross-reactivity with mouse HSP70 antibody. In conclusion, the identification and expression of white shrimp HSC70 gene present useful data for studying the molecular mechanism of heat shock response and the effect of heat shock proteins in shrimps' cytoprotection.
This article was published in Mol Biol (Mosk) and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

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