alexa Molecular insights into androgen actions in male and female reproductive function from androgen receptor knockout models.
Genetics

Genetics

Molecular Biology: Open Access

Author(s): Walters KA, Simanainen U, Handelsman DJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Androgens and the androgen receptor (AR) have well known roles in male reproduction, and recent genetic mouse models inactivating the Ar gene have conclusively defined a role for androgens in female reproduction. In males, AR gene inactivation severely disrupts spermatogenesis by interrupting completion of meiosis, thereby eliminating production of mature sperm leading to male sterility. These effects have overshadowed the study of additional post-meiotic androgen effects required for the production of fully functional spermatozoa, as well as the production of females with complete androgen insensitivity which cannot be produced by natural breeding. However, these limitations have been overcome by the creation of global and cell-specific AR knockout (ARKO) mouse models using Cre-LoxP genetic engineering. METHODS: Pubmed searches were carried out using the following search terms: androgen receptor, knockout mouse and fertility. Articles published before the end of November 2009 were included. RESULTS: These experimental models have identified cell-specific AR-mediated androgen actions in testis and androgen actions in sex accessory glands independent of testicular effects which are crucial for sperm maturation, motion and fertilizing ability. The ability to produce homozygous ARKO females has revealed that AR-mediated androgen actions are important for normal female fertility. AR function is required for full functionality in follicle health, development and ovulation through both intra-ovarian and neuroendocrine mechanisms. CONCLUSIONS: ARKO mouse models provide valuable tools to unravel novel roles of AR-mediated actions in male and female reproductive function, and new insights into the role of androgens in human reproductive function. This article was published in Hum Reprod Update and referenced in Molecular Biology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords