Author(s): Puig S, Thiele DJ
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Abstract In the past few years, exciting advances have been made toward understanding how copper is transported into and distributed to cupro-proteins within cells. Recent work has identified high-affinity copper transporters at the plasma membrane in a number of organisms. The elucidation of the three-dimensional structure of copper chaperones and target cupro-proteins has shown that highly specific interactions between homologous domains foster copper transfer between conserved copper ligands, and facilitate a detailed understanding of vectorial copper-transfer reactions. Furthermore, the recent generation of mouse-knockout models, deficient in a high-affinity copper transporter, or in copper chaperones, has demonstrated the importance of copper uptake and targeted distribution in both predicted and fascinating unanticipated ways in growth and development.
This article was published in Curr Opin Chem Biol
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy