Author(s): CamposEsparza MR, SnchezGmez MV, Matute C
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Abstract Excessive activation of glutamate receptors, or excitotoxicity, contributes to acute and chronic neurological disorders including stroke. We previously showed that two natural polyphenol antioxidants, mangiferin and morin, are neuroprotective in a model of ischemic brain damage. In this study, we analyzed the molecular mechanisms underlying neuroprotection by mangiferin and morin in an in vitro model of excitotoxic neuronal death involving NMDA receptor overactivation. We observed that both polyphenols reduce the formation of reactive oxygen species, activate the enzymatic antioxidant system, and restore the mitochondrial membrane potential. Moreover, both antioxidants inhibit glutamate-induced activation of calpains, normalize the levels of phosphorylated Akt kinase and Erk1/2, as well as of cytosolic Bax, inhibit AIF release from mitochondria, and regulate the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB. Each of these effects contributes to the substantial reduction of apoptotic neuronal death induced by glutamate. These results demonstrate that mangiferin and morin exhibit excellent antioxidant and antiapoptotic properties, supporting their clinical application as trial neuroprotectors in pathologies involving excitotoxic neuronal death.
This article was published in Cell Calcium
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access