alexa Molecular mechanisms regulating hormone-sensitive lipase and lipolysis.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Holm C

Abstract Share this page

Abstract HSL (hormone-sensitive lipase) is a key enzyme in the mobilization of fatty acids from acylglycerols in adipocytes as well as non-adipocytes. In adipocytes, catecholamines stimulate lipolysis mainly through PKA (protein kinase A)-mediated phosphorylation of HSL and perilipin, a protein coating the lipid droplet. The anti-lipolytic action of insulin is mediated mainly via lowered cAMP levels, accomplished through activation of phosphodiesterase 3B. Phosphorylation of HSL by PKA occurs at three sites, the serines 563, 659 and 660, both in vitro and in primary rat adipocytes. Phosphorylation of Ser-659 and -660 is required for in vitro activation as well as translocation from the cytosol to the lipid droplet, whereas the role of the third PKA site remains elusive. Adipocytes isolated from homozygous HSL-null mice, generated in our laboratory, exhibit completely blunted catecholamine-induced glycerol release and reduced fatty acid release, suggesting the presence of additional, although not necessarily hormone-activatable, triacylglycerol lipase(s). Basal hyperinsulinaemia, release of exaggerated amounts of insulin during glucose challenges and retarded glucose disposal during insulin tolerance tests suggest that HSL-null mice are insulin resistant. Liver, adipose tissue and skeletal muscle appear all to be sites of impaired insulin sensitivity in HSL-null mice. This article was published in Biochem Soc Trans and referenced in Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords