alexa Molecular mechanisms underlying the dedifferentiation process of isolated hepatocytes and their cultures.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Elaut G, Henkens T, Papeleu P, Snykers S, Vinken M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Primary hepatocytes and their cultures are a simple but versatile, well-controlled, and relatively easy to handle in vitro system that is well-accepted for investigating xenobiotic biotransformation, enzyme induction and inhibition, and (biotransformation-mediated) hepatotoxicity. In addition, hepatocyte cultures have proven to be valuable tools in the study of liver physiology, viral hepatitis, and liver regeneration and are proposed as an alternative to orthotopic liver transplantation. It has been observed, however, that a number of liver-specific functions are progressively lost with time when hepatocytes are isolated and cultivated. These phenotypic changes are primarily the result of fundamental changes in gene expression concomitant with a diminished transcription of the relevant liver-specific genes, and can be interpreted as a 'dedifferentiation' of the isolated hepatocytes. Ischemia-reperfusion stress induced during the isolation process, disruption of the normal tissue architecture, as well as an adaptation to the in vitro environment are underlying factors and will be extensively discussed. A detailed description of the regulation of the hepatocyte phenotype in vivo in the first section of this review will help to understand the effect of these factors on hepatocyte gene expression. Although different approaches, mainly mimicking the in vivo hepatocyte environment, have been succesfully used to prevent or slow down the dedifferentiation of primary hepatocytes in monolayer culture, the ideal hepatocyte-based culture model, characterized by a long-term expression of hepatocyte-specific functions comparable to the in vivo level, does not exist at the moment. Consequently, alternative strategies should focus on the isolation procedure, during which dedifferentiation is already initiated. In addition, identification of the conditions needed for the full in vitro maturation of hepatic progenitor cells to quiescent, functional hepatocyte-like cells opens promising perspectives.
This article was published in Curr Drug Metab and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords