alexa Molecular pathways of platelet factor 4 CXCL4 signaling.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Kasper B, Petersen F

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The platelet-derived chemokine CXCL4 takes a specific and unique position within the family of chemotactic cytokines. Today, much attention is directed to CXCL4's capacity to inhibit angiogenesis and to promote innate immune responses, which makes this chemokine an interesting tool and target for potential intervention in tumor growth and inflammation. However, such attempts demand a comprehensive knowledge on the molecular mechanisms and pathways underlying the corresponding cellular functions. At least two structurally different receptors, CXCR3-B and a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, are capable of binding CXCL4 and to induce a specific intracellular signaling machinery. While signaling mediated by CXCR3-B involves Gs proteins, elevated cAMP levels, and p38 MAP kinase, signaling via proteoglycans appears to be more complicated and varies strongly between the cell types analyzed. In CXCL4-activated neutrophils and monocytes, tyrosine kinases of the Src family and Syk as well as monomeric GTPases and members of the MAP kinase family have been identified as essential intracellular signals. Most intriguingly, signaling does not proceed in a linear sequence of events but in a repeated activation of certain transducing elements like Rac2 or sphingosine kinase 1. Depending on the downstream targets, such biphasic kinetics either leads to a redundant and prolonged activation of a single pathway or to a timely separated initiation of disparate signals and functions. Results of the studies reviewed here help to understand the molecular basis of CXCL4's functional diversity and provide insights into integrated signaling processes in general. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. This article was published in Eur J Cell Biol and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version