Author(s): Wei P, Yuan JX, Jin X, Hu ZY, Liu YX
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Abstract AIM: To investigate the possible effect of nitric oxide on receptivity and apoptosis of mouse endometrium and the possible pathway. METHODS: Female pregnant mice were treated with either molsidomine, a generator of nitric oxide (NO), or N-omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), an inhibitor of NO synthase. The pregnancy rates of each group were calculated; 3'-end-labeling was used to detect DNA fragmention of apoptotic cells; immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, and Western blot were applied respectively to estimate expression levels of Fas/FasL proteins and mRNA. RESULTS: The pregnancy rate in the drug treated group was reduced in a dose-dependent manner; apoptosis, Fas protein and mRNA levels in the endometrium of drug treated mice were correlatively decreased during the peri-implantation period. CONCLUSION: The decreased pregnant rate in mice by abnormal levels of nitric oxide may be brought about by inhibiting the normally occurrence of apoptosis in the receptive endometrium.
This article was published in Acta Pharmacol Sin
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy