alexa Monitoring kidney function in type 2 diabetic patients with incipient and overt diabetic nephropathy.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Rossing P, Rossing K, Gaede P, Pedersen O, Parving HH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess agreement between glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and the decline in GFR estimated with the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study Group equation or the Cockcroft-Gault formula and measured by the plasma clearance of 51Cr-EDTA. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We followed a cohort of 156 microalbuminuric type 2 diabetic patients for 8 years with four measurements of GFR and another cohort of 227 type 2 diabetic patients with overt diabetic nephropathy for 6.5 (range 3-17) years with seven (3-22) measurements of GFR. RESULTS: For patients with microalbuminuria, mean +/- SD baseline GFR was 117 +/- 24 measured, 92 +/- 20 estimated (MDRD equation), or 103 +/- 24 ml x min(-1) per 1.73 m2 estimated (Cockcroft-Gault formula) (both P < 0.001); 95\% limits of agreement were -66.1 to 20.3 (MDRD equation) and -58.7 to 30.7 (Cockcroft-Gault formula). The rate of decline in GFR was 4.1 +/- 4.2 measured, 2.9 +/- 2.8 estimated (MDRD equation), or 3.4 +/- 3.2 ml x min(-1) per 1.73 m2 estimated (Cockcroft-Gault formula) (both P < 0.001). For patients with overt nephropathy, baseline GFR was 84 +/- 30 measured, 73 +/- 24 estimated (MDRD equation), or 81 +/- 28 ml x min(-1) per 1.73 m2 estimated (Cockcroft-Gault formula) (both P < 0.001) with 95\% limits of agreement -47 to 25 (MDRD equation) and -39 to 33 (Cockcroft-Gault formula). The rate of decline in GFR was 5.2 +/- 4.1 measured, 4.2 +/- 3.8 estimated (MDRD equation), and 4.6 +/- 4.1 ml x min(-1) per 1.73 m2 estimated (Cockcroft-Gault formula) (both P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Particularly in microalbuminuric (hyperfiltering) patients, GFR is significantly underestimated with wide limits of agreement by the MDRD equation as well as by the Cockcroft-Gault formula. The rate of decline in GFR is also significantly underestimated with both equations. This makes GFR estimations based upon these equations unacceptable for monitoring kidney function in type 2 diabetic patients with incipient and overt diabetic nephropathy. This article was published in Diabetes Care and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords