alexa Monitoring phospholipids for assessment of ion enhancement and ion suppression in ESI and APCI LC MS MS for chlorpheniramine in human plasma and the importance of multiple source matrix effect evaluations.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Ismaiel OA, Halquist MS, Elmamly MY, Shalaby A, Thomas Karnes H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Biological matrix effects are a source of significant errors in both electrospray (ESI) and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) LC/MS. Glycerophosphocholines (GPChos) and 2-lyso-glycerophosphocholines (2-lyso GPChos) are known to fragment to form ions at m/z 184 and m/z 104, respectively. Phospholipids were used as markers to evaluate matrix effects resulting in both ion suppression and enhancement using ESI and APCI modes in the determination of chlorpheniramine in human plasma. Results revealed that GPChos and 2-lyso GPChos demonstrated very low ionization efficiency in the APCI mode, post-column infusion experiments were performed to confirm that suppression and enhancement matrix ionization effects coincided with the elution profiles of the phospholipids. The mean matrix effect for chlorpheniramine using APCI was 75\% less than the mean matrix effect in ESI, making APCI the ionization method of choice initially even though the absolute response was lower than in the ESI mode. The resulting APCI method showed acceptable results according to the FDA guidelines; however, a multiple source relative matrix effects study demonstrated variability. It was concluded that an absolute matrix effects study in one source of biological fluid may be not sufficient to ensure the validity of the method in various sources of matrix. In order to obviate the multiple matrix source variability, we employed an isotopically labeled internal standard for quantification of chlorpheniramine in the ESI mode. An additional validation was completed with the use of chlorpheniramine-d(6) as the internal standard. This method met all acceptance criteria according to the FDA guidelines, and the relative matrix affects study was successful. This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords